Ben Thanh Market, Notre Dame Cathedral, General Post Office, Vinh Nghiem Pagoda, the Archdiocese of Saigon, etc. have been associated with Saigon for hundreds of years.
Nine Live-Forever Symbols:
Located in central of Ho Chi Minh city, Ben Thanh market has long been a symbol of Saigon. Over 100 years, this market is not only a purchasing place but also a historic witness of the city’s ups and downs. It is also an economic appearance reflecting the economic development of the biggest commercial city in Vietnam and an invisible string connecting Saigon past and now.
The Notre-dame cathedral was considered as the largest one under the French colonial. It was built with Marseille tile, color glass, iron frame imported from France and green stone from Bien Hoa. The cathedral’s windows are designed in Rome style with arches in Gothic style that recall us to great cathedrals in Paris, Chartres and Reims.
Saigon Central Post Office is located at 2 Paris Commune street, district 1, Ho Chi Minh city.
After defeating Gia Dinh citadel and invading Sai Gon, the French colonial established a communication system and Sai Gon post office was built on November 11, 1860. In 1886, Sai Gon post office was restored with modern scale and officially inaugurated in 1891. Saigon Post Office building is a famous architecture of the city, connecting between Europe and Asia architectural style.
The Ho Chi Minh City Museum
This museum looks at the history and development of the Ho Chi Minh city over the years. The museum contains displays on such themes as archeology, the economy, revolutionary struggles and early culture of the region. The museum itself is located in a building built by the French architect Foulhoux in 1885.
Independence Palace also known as Reunification Palace was built on the site of the former Norodom Palace is a landmark in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. It was designed by architect Ngô Viết Thụ and was the home and workplace of the President of South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. It was the site of the end of the Vietnam War during the Fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975, when a North Vietnamese Army tank crashed through its gates.
The temple named after a large pagoda in the North – Vinh Nghiem Pagoda in La Duc commune, Bac Giang province – once a center of spreading Buddhism of Truc Lam sect that imbued with national identity and has combined previous Zens, has organized the first church in the history of Buddhism in Vietnam and is the first model of later Church organizations. Vinh Nghiem Duc La Pagoda was founded from the reign of King Ly Thai To (1010 – 1028), a purely Asian architecture and has been restored several times.
The theatre is considered as the specific work of culture and most expensive construction in the time of French colonial. The Municipal Theatre owes its specific characteristics to the work of architect Félix Olivier, while construction was under supervision of architects Ernest Guichard and Eugène Ferret in 1900. In 1900, the theatre was come into operation aiming to propagate French culture. Its architectural style is influenced by the flamboyant style of the French Third Republic, with the façade shaped like the Petit Palais which was built in the same year in France.
The Archdiocese of Saigon
The Archdiocese of Ho Chi Minh City is one of the most important centers for Catholicism throughout the Asian continent. It includes 10 other diocese in the south of the country and consists of more than 200 parishes, for a total of about 900, 000 Catholics. It is located on number 180 Nguyen Dinh Chieu street, district 3.
The Ho Chi Minh city Hall is located in a large area bordering Pasteur Street (in the west), Ly Tu Trong Street in the North, Dong Khoi street on the East and Le Thanh Ton in the South. Under French colonial, this was known as Xa Tay palace, Doc Ly palace and headquarters of city council. Then, it was changed into Town Hall. Period 1954-1975, it was also called as Saigon City Hall. After April 30, 1975 up to now, it is the Ho Chi Minh city Hall.
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